Environmental, Sustainability and Governance

The Kell Process is an unprecedented opportunity for
those prepared to take a meaningful approach to purposeful ESG.

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LIFEZONE is a leader in re-imagining metals recovery from ores

The leading edge in energy efficient recovery of metals from ores
Assisting operations advance towards carbon neutrality while eliminating noxious emissions
Superior waste management
Reduces hazardous materials and wastes
Reduces Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) from plant tailings by recovering more sulphur and base metals in the concentrate

Efficient water reuse in the Kell process greatly reduces consumption of fresh water
Maximises metal recovery from ore reserves by eliminating constraints of smelters on concentrates
Reduces global transport of concentrates by on-site in-country processing and refining

Brings value to local communities and host nations
Brings higher value skills to the mine doorstop community
Retains more revenue in the host country and local community
Reduces impacts at the mine and beneficiation sites



ESG Opportunities for those who adopt the Kell Process

Energy efficiency: Among the most significant energy consuming activities in mining is beneficiation, such as smelting. In some cases companies who are considering implementing the use of the Kell Process technology in their operations observe  >80% less electricity required and approximately 50% reduction in energy usage compared with smelting. 

Air emissions: Conventional processing and recovery methods produce significant amounts of greenhouse gas emissions and in many cases also emit sulfur dioxide (acid rain) directly to the atmosphere. The Kell Process significantly reduces emissions of greenhouse gases, while eliminating noxious gas emissions entirely.

Water management: Mining companies give careful consideration to pollution prevention and water usage efficiency. The Kell Process targets re-use of water within the process wherever possible to lower water consumption.

The Kell Process is cyanide-free and mercury-free for gold recovery. Sulfur and arsenic are safely stabilised in residue storage as inert compounds.

Waste management: Mining operations generate process tailings, with smelting producing large slag stockpiles. Kell Process produces benign filtered and washed tailings residues suitable for dry stacking or co-mingling with flotation tailings.

Acid rock drainage (ARD):  Kell removes the constraints imposed on "smeltable concentrates" - allowing for higher recoveries of sulphur and base metals into concentrates. This reduces ARD potential in flotation tailings where Kell is implemented.